The projection of power, of a nation-state, into the international arena is based on many elements like geographical location, size, military presence, and economy. Many countries are great in size but have been unable to translate that into political influence, for example; Australia and Canada. There are countries like India and Pakistan that have one of the largest militaries in the world. But, Pakistan being an atomic power comes nearly nowhere in the power index of the world. Below are the top 10 most powerful countries in the world 2020. The ranking is based on economical growth (GDP), political influence, military strength, and size.
Top 10 Most Powerful Countries In The World 2020
Here, we are going to discuss the list of the top 10 most powerful countries. Hope, you’ll get a vivid idea about what are the top 10 most powerful countries in the world? Let’s jump the discussion –
10. United Arab Emirates
With a GDP of $0.4023 trillion, UAE ranks 10th on our list of most powerful countries in the world. Although this list is not merely based on GDP levels but incorporates other important elements of a nation state’s power as well. The country is a federation of seven emirates that merged in 1972. The seven emirates are – Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain. Amid them, Abu Dhabi and Dubai are the most renowned. On top of that, Dubai is especially a very sophisticated and popular place for tourist destinations. Today, the World Economic Forum has named it the Arab world’s most competitive economy.
Furthermore, before the discovery of oil, its economy was based on fishing and a declining pearl market. It has transformed after 1960 when the country started exporting oil- showing how important oil exports are- since oil caters to most of the world’s energy demands. Moreover, the UAE is a very wealthy country with a large portion of natural gas and oil. On the other hand, they also have a huge influence in the Arab world as well as have solid alliances in the international arena. Its geographical position has given the country great leverage in the trading circles of the world.
However, they don’t have a much powerful military. Yes, they are one of the close friends of the USA and usually purchase all the latest weapons from them. But, that doesn’t change the fact that their army is not stronger enough and they are fully relying on western countries to purchase weapons. But, they are still one of the most powerful countries.
9. Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom is the most powerful country in the whole Muslim world and one of the most powerful countries around the globe. Most of the Islamic ancient places are situated here. Moreover, this is the country of the holy Prophet (sm). It is considered a pro-western Arab country. The reason is they have a strong bond with most of the powerful western regimes. The Kingdom’s future king Mohammad Bin Salman aka MBS has taken several measurements to make his country like a western country. He gave permissions of night clubs, movie theatre, etc. The whole scenario of Saudi has been changed recently in a bigger way.
On the other hand, Saudi Arabia possesses the highest crude oil reserves in the world, seconded by the huge gold reserves in the country. It is also the central figure in the Muslim world because of the Holy Ka’abah being located in Mecca. As a result, it carries a voice amongst the Muslim nations of the world. The word of the Imam (Head of prayers) of the Ka’abah carries a holy touch for Muslims all over the world. The country is a powerful player in the Middle East. They’ve engaged multiple proxy wars against their fiercest rival Iran in several places in ME. Furthermore, Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest importer of arms. Saudi Arabia also leads a coalition against the Houthi rebels of Yemen.
India is an emerging regional power in South Asia. And, with the region becoming the economic hub of the world, it is bound to attain a notable status in the politics of the world. With the US backing its membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the significance of the country in the regional peace gains weightage. Moreover, India is an attractive bourgeois market for multinational companies and is more of a peripheral nation that imports from some countries but also exports to many. Its GDP is $1.877 trillion.
Moreover, India’s tourist destinations, ties with the Zionist country Israel, the colorful film industry Bollywood, etc. helps India to reach a certain position. They are also much ahead in terms of technology and the educational system. Many of its citizens are working in the world’s leading technological companies. They are one of the fewest nuclear-capable countries and they also have a very well trained army at their disposal. No wonder, why they are in the list of one of the most powerful countries around.
When it comes to the matter of technology, Japan is Japan. This is the biggest reason they are one of the most influential countries in the world. The East Asian country is widely considered as the powerhouse of Asian technological innovations. They are even advanced that the even USA in so many technological fields. The superb skillful, polite, smart-cultured people are the principal reason behind their economical advancement. It is also known worldwide for its traditional arts; sculpture, poetry, architecture, and the famous martial arts.
On the other hand, Japan has the world’s third-largest economy. They are one of the closest allies of the USA in the Asian region. Besides, they are a member of the prestigious economical groups like G8 and G20. They’re the exporter of huge technological products around the world. Moreover, Japan has close ties with most of the world powers. But, they still have problems with atomic powers like China and North Korea.
Furthermore, Japan’s only problem is they don’t have a stronger military power. Their military strength is no more powerful after the second world war. Japan is dependant on the USA in military terms. Besides, Japan designed its military power just for self-defense and peacekeeping projects of the UN.
France is one of the world’s oldest countries and its cultural influence surpasses all other kinds of impact that it has on the world today. It is one of the wealthiest nations with high social welfare rankings. Its economy is a mixture of private and state-funded enterprises. Moreover, they have one of the strongest militaries in the world. France currently possesses almost 400 nuclear-capable warheads as well as advanced technological equipment and weapons.
On the other hand, France is a member of the economical group G8 and one of the most advanced economical countries. Although they are dealing with current economical issues in recent times, they are still a major player in the world economy. Besides, France is the permanent member of the UN Security Council and always a top player in various international affairs.
Additionally, French cuisine, wine, cinema and arts, and architecture occupy a prominent position in the world of connoisseurs. The luxurious cosmetical brands and fashion brands are the symbols of France. French capital “Paris” is widely known as the city of love.
With a GDP of $3.9 trillion, Germany is the most populous nation in the European Union. It possesses one of the largest economies in the world. Although it relies heavily on the exports that it makes to the EU and the rest of the world. In addition to that, Germany possesses a highly skilled workforce and is a highly industrialized economy. It had a central role in both the World Wars fought to date and has produced some culturally prominent figures like Beethoven and Immanuel Kant.
Germany’s open-door policies to immigrants have increased the crime rate in the state. To add to this positively, Germany is one of the countries that have played a key role in handling the humanitarian and refugee crises after the Syrian war erupted almost half a decade ago.
On the other hand, sophisticated leadership, as well as an extremely high-skilled population, made Germany is a economical powerhouse in Europe. It’s safe to say, Germany has the most consistent economy in Europe without a doubt. They have progressed much especially after the reuniting of East and West Germany in the 80’s era. The global influence of Germany is immense and they’re one of the members of G8, G20, NATO. They are also the permanent member of the UN Security Council and a member of JCPOA.
4. United Kingdom
Maybe, they’re not as influential as previous times, but still, they play in world affairs. The United Kingdom is consists of four nations such as – Northern Ireland, England, Wales, and Scotland. One of the highly developed countries in Central Europe. Moreover, they’re also known as the most polite nations in the world after Japan. The UK is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. They are also nuclear-powered countries in the world.
However, the influence has significantly reduced after BREXIT and political unrest. But, the UK still is one of the powerful players in the world stage. The main reason is they are the most trusted partner of the USA. Hence, they also have a very stronger military and modern weapons. The UK is also a front-runner member of NATO. UK’s intelligence MI6 regarded as one of the most highly efficient secret intelligence services in the world.
Apart from this, UK also has a very living standard. They are the master in arts, science, soccer, literature, film industry, etc.
China has made it explicitly clear that it does not wish to assume the role of a world leader. Many economical experts predict that China will be the world’s top economy by 2030. The possibility has been increased due to the current COVID 19 pandemic. But, this is still in the possibility stage. China is the most populous country in the world. They are currently sitting in the second position in the world economy right after the USA.
On the other hand, China’s Belt and Road initiative is a clear picture of how much they’re willing to establish themselves as the number 1 in the world’s economical area. The Asian country is king in exports. We all listen to the word called “Made In China”. Most of the products around the world build in China.
Moreover, China is very powerful in military terms. The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) army is the world’s largest army in the world. They are also very advanced in technological equipment. China is a member of the UN Security Council and flexing its muscles in international affairs more than ever. Although they have strong ties with many parts of the world, they are struggling to keep good relations with India and its Southeast Asian neighbors over the South China Sea issue.
The largest country in the world. Russia seeks dominance in the world stage after the decline of the Soviet Union. Safe to say, they’ve already achieved it as Russia becomes a major player in various critical international affairs like the Syria issue, JCPOA. Russia is the permanent member of the UN Security Council and possesses the highest number of nukes. Moreover, they also possess various top military equipment.
On the other hand, Russia is one of the top oil, gas, weapon producers in the world. After the introduction of super president Vladimir Putin, Russia significantly earned respect all over the world. Russia has very good ties with Gulf states especially Iran. They also have good relations with major EU and Asian states like China, Germany, etc. Russia is slowly dispatching NATO and neutralizing the USA’s influence over European countries through the Nord Stream project.
Although Russia is suffering from economic woos due to severe US sanctions, they are progressing more than ever. With the man like Vlad, they’re dreaming of bringing back good old days.
1. United States of America
The US is considered to be the most powerful nation in the world. That is why it naturally presumed the role of the “policeman of the world”. It is a North American nation with its capital in Washington D.C. The US is a federal republic that is a constitution based and had nearly split in the civil war of the 1800s after which it regained its footing in the 20th Century.
The US has the largest economy in the world. Nobody is even close to them. Most of the economical gain comes from weapon business, war, entertainment area.
On the other hand, the US is second to none in political influence. The US is the most powerful figure in the UN. Most of the UN projects are funded by the US. They always play the most important roles in various international issues.
Moreover, they have the strongest military might in the world. The US has more than 800 bases around the world. The military budget of them is more than the combined figure of the other top countries! Just imagine that! They’re the sole “superpower” after the decay of the Soviet Union. US Dollar is also the most powerful currency in the world. All in all, everyone tries to do anything to avoid crossing the US because the US is too powerful in every area to be messed with!